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Mouth ulcers, otherwise known as canker sores, are one or more sores that develop on the soft tissue of the mouth. The inflamed area around an ulcer can interfere with brushing or chewing, and the sores might take a while to heal. However, mouth ulcers are generally benign in nature.
One or more of the following factors can precipitate ulcers
- Physical trauma from biting, burns from hot food or abrasion from dentures.
- Irritation from acids in foods or the strong components of mouthwashes.
- Poor dental health.
- Oral infections, such as thrush and herpes simplex.
- Underlying bacterial infections or gastrointestinal disease.
- Anxiety and hormonal changes.
- Nutritional deficiency.
- Medications and other genetic factors.
- Oral cancer.
Steps to accelerate healing
- Ensure toothbrush bristles are soft.
- Consume food and drink that are non-irritant, non-acidic and softer in texture.
- Apply topical corticosteroids or local analgesics under advice, to relieve tenderness.
- Avoid irritants like gum, cigarette smoking and harsh mouthwashes.
Steps to avoid relapse
- Visit the dentist regularly.
- Maintain good oral hygiene.
- Establish a wholesome and healthy pattern of meals.
If the condition persists beyond two weeks, book an appointment with your dentist for careful examination and further investigation of the site.